Category: General English & Academic English
Confusing words and structures
Make = to change something, produce or create something, to build something.
Ex: To make the students happy, the teacher made a very easy test.
Ex: If you intend to make more money, you need to make new plans to start off a business.
Do = to perform or accomplish something; to talk about actions or work
Ex: What do you do for a living? I do street performances.
Raise / raised (transitive verb) to increase; to move something to a higher position
Ex: Last week I attended a parade. Each group of performers plays the national anthem of their country whenever they raised their flag.
Ex: The gold sellers raised the cost of gold by 20% last week.
Rise / rose (intransitive verb) to increase or to show that something moves to a higher position
Ex: The heaters prices rose by 50% in the last winter.
Say = to speak (used without an indirect object) does not indicate who the listener was.
Ex: They said that they were going to attend the ceremony anyway.
Tell = to speak (used with an indirect object) indicates who was listening. It is mostly used with some specific expressions like: tell a lie, tell the truth, tell a story, tell the time.
Ex: My grandmother used to tell me nice stories every night before I go to bed.
See = to use one’s eyes (unintentional action)
Ex: I saw him in the park talking to a stranger.
Look = to use one’s eyes (intentional action) mostly the duration is shorter than watch
Ex: We looked at 10 new cars in the stores.
Ex: The teacher looked at my writing assignment and corrected some of my mistakes.
Watch = to use one’s eyes (intentional action) it usually has a longer duration than look.
Ex: I watched the BBC news on TV last night.
Waste = to use something foolishly or unwisely
Ex: Please switch off the car when you don’t drive it. You are wasting fuel by leaving it on.
Ex: He wasted 30 minutes of my time talking all about his pets.
Lose = not to be able to find or locate; to not win
Ex: If you don’t start a business wisely, you will easily lose all your money.
Ex: Unfortunately, they lost the game because they didn’t practice well for it last week.