Category: General English & Academic English
Level: Upper Intermediate
1- Aim or Purpose
aim to do something to strive to obtain something
Ex: This paper aims to investigate the effects of technology in language learning classrooms.
Ex: In this study, we aimed to find logical answers for our hypothesis mentioned before.
Set out to do something to try to achieve something
Ex: The first chapter of this book sets out to explain the causes of cancer.
Ex: He never achieved what he set out to do.
be intended to do something the purpose of doing something
Ex: This course is intended to provide you with opportunities to reach what you want.
be supposed to do something / be meant to do something use these phrases especially when something fails to achieve what was basically planned before.
Ex: This online class was meant to be seriously effective.
2- Approximately / Exact:
Words meaning approximately:
Roughly giving someone a general idea of size, number or amount of something.
Ex: The two schools are roughly the same size.
Ex: Roughly half of the students are absent today.
(somewhere / something) in the region of used with very large numbers or amounts
Ex: The construction of this apartment would cost somewhere in the region of $50,000.
Ex: This airplane is worth something in the region of $15,000.
Circa (preposition) used before a year—a long time ago—to indicate that something happened near that time, but not exact. The abbreviation of circa is C.
Ex: The apartment dates from circa 1986. Or the apartment dates from c 1986.
Words meaning “exactly”
Precisely meaning exactly, used to emphasize what you are saying.
Ex: The movie began on time, at precisely ten o’clock.
Ex: I always leave my office at seven o’clock precisely.
Right in the middle of / next to / in front of used to emphasize something in a specific position.
Ex: The two gangers were living right next to each other.
Words meaning “cause”
Lead to (verb) to begin an activity that later causes something to happen.
Ex: Trying hard leads to success.
Ex: Lack of sleep leads to poor performance.
Trigger (phrasal verb) A bad situation—crisis or a war, or a medical condition– that start to happen suddenly.
Ex: Fast food can trigger various diseases.
Bring about (phrasal verb) to make something happen, particularly a change or improved situation.
Ex: Insecurity in a society brings about bad economic condition.